Minority stress is ADDITIONAL stress experienced by members of marginalized groups as a direct result of:
Lack of family support
Sometimes internalized stigma.
Minority stress can be present & even compounded in ANY marginalized group including the LGBTQ+ community, race & ethnic groups, disability, and international students.
Minority stress is:
1. Unique - not faced by non-marginalized groups)
2. Societal - based on systemic prejudice & discrimination
3. Chronic - last a person's lifetime if they remain in the same societal framework.
It's directly related to:
Higher levels of chronic stress, adverse mental & physical health outcomes.
Additionally, individuals who lack a support system have greater adverse outcomes. This is especially common in sexual & gender minorities.
What about students part of marginalized groups?
They are directly impacted in many ways!
Lack of sense of belonging
Direct link to higher alcohol/substance use
A students' environment directly influences their:
Levels of stress
Willingness to continue in higher education.