Originally posted as part of our PhD Stronger Together Module - Mental Health Conditions (December 2020).
This month's Stronger Together content is focused on Common Mental Health Conditions! Today we are talking about Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD):
OCD is characterized by obsessions and compulsions that are very time consuming and cause significant distress and/or functional impairment.
Common manifestations include contamination, symmetry, “just right”, taboo thoughts, harm, relationships, etc.
Related disorders include body dysmorphia, hoarding, hair pulling, and skin-picking.
Signs and Symptoms
Obsessions: recurrent and intrusive thoughts or images
Compulsions: repeated behavioral patterns intended to reduce the distress caused by the obsessions that must follow rigid and arbitrary rules unique to the individual
Stats, Demographics and Disparities
OCD affects approximately 2% of people worldwide
One study indicated that 5% of college students report clinically significant OCD symptoms
Although prevalence rates are similar, BIPOC individuals are less likely to receive treatment
Racial discrimination and stereotypes may exacerbate OCD symptoms
Higher (around 8%) prevalence among transgender individuals
Treatment and Care
Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP)
Habit Reversal Training (HRT)
International OCD Foundation
Not Alone Notes
TLC Foundation for Body-Focused
NOCD for therapy, self-guided therapy exercises, and community support
The OCD Stories
*The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician, therapist or another qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.