Substance Use Disorders

Originally posted as part of our PhD Stronger Together Module - Mental Health Conditions (December 2020).

This month's Stronger Together content is focused on Common Mental Health Conditions! Today we are talking about Substance Use Disorders:


Infographic - Substance Use Disorders Definition, Signs and Symptoms. All text in post.

Definition


Substance use is defined as the continuous use of substance, such as alcohol or drugs, despite adverse outcomes.


Types include:

  1. Substance use disorders: disrupted behavior related to drug use

  2. Substance-induced disorders: mental illness resulting from the use of substance


Signs and Symptoms

  1. Behavioral: changes in appetite, lack of motivation, substance craving

  2. Physical: weight loss/gain, tremors, dilated pupils/red eyes, dry mouth, slowed reaction time

  3. Emotional: reduced interest, euphoria, panic


Infographic - Substance Use Disorders Stats, Demographics, Disparities.. All text in post.

Stats, Demographics and Disparities


  • About 20 million Americans suffer from a substance use disorder (SUDs)

  • Only 10% of individuals with SUDs receive proper treatment

  • Genetics accounts for about 40-60% of liability to develop and SUD

  • Negative correlation socioeconomic status and treatment for substance use


Infographic - Substance Use Disorders Treatment and Care. All text in post.


Treatment and Care


  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

  • Withdrawal Management

  • Prescription medications

  • Support groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)

  • Residential treatment


Resources

Infographic - Substance Use Disorders Resources. All text in post.

General Resources:

  • Kelty Mental Health Resource Centre

  • The Support Group Project

  • SAMHSA

  • Helping others live sober

  • Alcoholics anonymous


Apps:

  • Pear reSET

  • Sober grid

  • Addicaid

  • Talkspace

*The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician, therapist or another qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.