Originally posted as part of our PhD Stronger Together Module - Mental Health Conditions (December 2020).
This month's Stronger Together content is focused on Common Mental Health Conditions! Today we are talking about Psychosis:
Psychosis is characterized by a loss of touch with reality that may include “positive” symptoms (behaviors that aren’t typically present), negative symptoms, disorganized thinking, and motor abnormalities.
Types include schizophrenia, schizophreniform disorder, brief psychotic disorder, schizoaffective disorder, mood disorders with psychotic features, postpartum psychosis, and substance-induced psychosis.
Other possible causes of psychosis include sleep deprivation, drug use, and severe stress.
Signs and Symptoms
Positive symptoms: hallucinations, delusions
Negative symptoms: poor motivation, low emotional expression (apathy), social withdrawal, reduced speech, loss of interest
Disorganized thinking and speech: loose associations, tangentiality, & incoherence
Motor abnormalities: catatonia, motor agitation, child-like behavior, stereotyped repetitive movements, grimacing & echolalia
Stats, Demographics and Disparities
At least 3% of the population experience psychosis at some point in their lives, although <1% are diagnosed with a psychotic disorder
Psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia are often considered serious mental illnesses (SMI)
Men and racial/ethnic minority individuals are more likely to be diagnosed with a psychotic disorder, particularly non-affective psychotic disorders
Some psychosis symptoms may not be considered distressing or functionally impairing, particularly if tied to one’s cultural norms
Treatment and Care
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Psychosis (CBTp)
Social Skills Training (SST)
Family Interventions (FI)
Supported Employment/Education (SEE)
International Society for Psychological and Social Approaches to Psychosis learning resources
International Early Psychosis Association
Early Intervention in Psychosis Virtual Resource Center
Dealing with Psychosis Toolkit
Early Assessment and Support Alliance
Schizophrenia Health Storylines
*The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician, therapist or another qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.