Autism Spectrum Disorder

This month's Stronger Together content is focused on Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Disabilities and Neurodiversity!


Today we're talking about Autism Spectrum Disorder or ASD!


Definition and Characteristics

ASD is a neuro-developmental disability marked by social, communication and behavioral challenges. Although not comprehensive, ASD characteristics include:

Graphic on Autism Spectrum Disorder, Definitions, signs and characteristics. All text in post.
  • Repetitive behaviors (stimming)

  • Observant

  • Sensory sensitivities including textures, noises, foods, etc.

  • Detail-oriented

  • Above-average memory and recall skills

  • Difficulty interpreting social norms

  • Creative and thoughtful

  • Visual thinkers

  • Passionate about special interests


Stats, Demographics & Disparities

Graphic on Autism Spectrum Disorder Stats Demographics and disparities. All text in post.
  • Worldwide prevalence of ASD is 1 in 160 children!

  • In the US, 1 in 54 children are diagnosed with ASD

  • Diagnosis occurs typically after age 4, but white boys are more likely to be diagnosed in childhood.

  • Autistic black children in the U.S. are commonly misdiagnosed with ODD - Oppositional Defiance Disorder.

  • Autistic people are part of the LGBTQ+ community at higher rates than allistic (neurotypical) people.

  • Only 41% of autistic students finish their undergraduate degrees in the U.S!


Graphic - Autism spectrum disorder care and support. All text in post.

Care & Support for ASD

  • Speech and occupational therapy

  • Social support

  • Prescription medication

  • Complementary and Alternative Medicine Treatments (CAM) such as mind-body treatment

  • Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) devices and techniques


Other Resources

Graphic - autism spectrum disorder resources. All text in post.

General

  • Autistic Self Advocacy Network (ASAN)

  • Autism Network International (ANI)

  • Autistic Women & Nonbinary Network (AWN)

Apps

  • HabitRPG (manage tasks)

  • Todoist (organize work and life)

  • MoodPanda (track and analyse your mood)

  • Dropophone (calm music)